Learn How to Interpret Your Cholesterol and Triglyceride Lab results


Healthy Range = Less than 150.

Triglycerides are fats composed of fatty acids and glycerol. Triglycerides combine with proteins to form particles called lipoproteins that transport fats through the bloodstream. These lipoproteins carry triglycerides from the liver to other parts of the body that need this energy source. Triglycerides then return to the liver where they are removed from the body. The level of triglycerides in your blood can indicate how efficiently your body processes the fat in your diet.

Total Cholesterol

Healthy Range = Less than 200

A high cholesterol may put you at risk for heart disease or stroke. Elevated cholesterol levels can be caused by diets high in cholesterol and saturated fats. Genetics or medical conditions such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, kidney disease, liver disease or pregnancy can also raise the amount of cholesterol in your blood. A low cholesterol result is a result that does not fall into a range considered at risk for cardiovascular (heart and blood vessel) disease. Decreased levels of cholesterol can indicate malnutrition, intestinal malabsorption, hyperthyroidism, chronic anemia, liver disease or other medical conditions.

HDL Cholesterol

Healthy Range =    Greater than 50 for Women or

Greater than 40 for Men

Elevated High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol is associated with decreased risk of heart disease. Unlike other cholesterol levels, the HDL test result is best if it is high. Levels may increase with regular exercise.  A low level of HDL cholesterol can be associated with increased risk for heart disease. Genetic factors or conditions including liver disease, malnutrition, or hyperthyroidism may decrease HDL levels. Smoking and drinking alcohol may also decrease your HDL level.

LDL Cholesterol

Healthy Range =

Less than 70 if you have known Coronary Artery Disease.

Less than 100 if you have Diabetes Mellitus.

Less than 130 if you have 2 or more cardiovascular risk factors.

Less than 160 if you have less than 2 cardiovascular risk factors.

Elevations of Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol are associated with an increase risk of a narrowing or blockage of arterial blood vessels with plaques of cholesterol ; this is often referred to atherosclerosis.  Elevated LDL cholesterol is associated with being over weight as well as a genetic predisposition.  In the past, many believed that eating fatty foods caused the cholesterol in our blood stream to increase but recent science has taught us that being overweight if a much more important factor contributing to elevated LDL cholesterol levels than is eating more cholesterol or fatty foods.  Medical conditions such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, kidney disease, liver disease and pregnancy can also raise your LDL level.

HDL Cholesterol / Total Cholesterol Ratio

Healthy Range = Ratio less than 5.0

The ratio of total Cholesterol to HDL-Cholesterol is another indicator of heart disease risk. A ratio of 5.0 or less is associated with a lower risk of heart disease.

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Patrick Nemechek, D.O.

Patrick Nemechek, D.O.

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January 31, 2019 7:24 pm

Dr Nemechek I was wondering if I already have an elevated LDL reading prior to starting the protocol should I be concerned that the DHA supplements will further increase my LDL?

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